Extremist Syrian faction touts training camp for boys
At first glance, the training camp appears no different from the many others shown in propaganda videos posted by al-Qaeda’s affiliate in Syria. Hooded recruits in camouflage shoot at targets or march in formation under the black flag of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
But look closer and the “fighters” appear quite small. The tallest are barely chest-high to their instructors, and the shorter ones wear ill-fitting uniforms and appear to struggle under the weight of their weapons. A photo of the recruits without their hoods confirms that all of them are young boys.
in rebel-controlled sections of the country. Building on earlier efforts to expand their influence in Syrian schools, radical Islamists appear to be stepping up efforts to indoctrinate and train children, some as young as 10, according to independent experts who have studied the phenomenon.
The establishment of the Zarqawi’s Cubs camp — revealed in a video posted last month by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or ISIS — is viewed as particularly worrisome because of the similarities to Iraq’s “Birds of Paradise.” That brigade was created a decade ago by the same terrorist group, in its earlier incarnation as al-Qaeda in Iraq, to train children for military missions, including suicide bombings.
“This is the future threat,” said Steven Stalinsky, executive director of the Middle East Media Research Institute, a Washington nonprofit organization that has tracked the exploitation of children by Syrian fighting groups over the past two years. “These are the children of al-Qaeda.”
U.N. agencies and human rights groups have accused multiple Syrian factions — including secularist rebels and pro-government militias — of recruiting children for military roles ranging from scouting to actual combat.
Researchers from Human Rights Watch interviewed boys as young as 14 who were used to transport weapons or serve as lookouts. Even younger children were put to work loading bullets into magazines for assault rifles, said Sarah Margon, acting director of the group’s Washington office.
“It’s something that children often do because their fingers are smaller,” Margon said. But such practical considerations aside, “for those looking to indoctrinate, it is a ripe setting for indoctrination,” she added.
The Obama administration last year imposed restrictions on some of its nonmilitary aid to Syria in part because of concerns about the use of child soldiers. Invoking a 2008 law forbidding assistance to countries that use child soldiers, the administration approved restrictions on certain types of nonmilitary aid to Syria as well as the Central African Republic, Burma, Sudan and six other countries, according to State Department documents.
The appearance of training camps for young boys suggests a more systematic effort to incorporate the youngest Syrians into the conflict, as ideological supporters and as combatants in a religious war against a regime led by the country’s minority Alawites, members of an offshoot of the Shiite branch of Islam, according to experts who study jihadist groups.
Radical groups often post images on social media that highlight the role played by children, and some attempt to tailor their messages to appeal to the very young, said Aaron Zelin, an expert on jihadist groups at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
“They understand that they are the future and, therefore, need to be exposed and indoctrinated to the ‘cause,’ ” Zelin said. It explains why some groups operate age-based training camps that start with “cubs” and progress to “lion scouts” for older teens and adults, he said.
The ISIS youth group was named in honor of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the Jordanian who founded al-Qaeda in Iraq, a group notorious for its spectacular suicide bombings targeting Shiite mosques and bazaars in Iraq’s Shiite neighborhoods, as well as its videotaped beheadings of Western hostages. Zarqawi, killed in a U.S. airstrike in 2006, remains an inspirational figure for Islamist extremists worldwide, as well as the ideological father of ISIS and other al-Qaeda-allied rebel groups in Syria, including Jabhat al-Nusra.
The video depicting the Zarqawi’s Cubs camp describes the location of the facility as near Ghouta, the same eastern suburb of Damascus that was struck in a chemical-weapons attack in August that killed more than 1,000 civilians. Much of the region has been held by rebels for months, despite intense fighting in some villages.
The boys are shown being led by masked instructors through small-arms exercises and sitting in groups under the ISIS banner, some of them weighed down by bandoleers of machine-gun ammunition. Other images show the boys undergoing instruction or, in one instance, talking happily over a lunch of flatbread. Beverages are distributed in colorful cups adorned with the cartoon “happy face.”
In the soundtrack, Arab voices sing a mournful song. “Oh mother, don’t be saddened by my leaving,” it says at one point, explaining that the boys are going away to fight “for the sake of defeating the Jews.”
Experts who viewed the video said it appeared authentic, though precisely when and where the images were recorded could not be established with certainty. Nor is it clear how many children are being trained.
Others who have tracked the recruitment of children by Syrian militant factions see the latest initiatives as intended mainly to indoctrinate young Syrians raised in a country that has a long tradition of secularist rule. The emergence of training camps for youths comes on the heels of school-outreach programs by both ISIS and Jabhat al-Nusra, which control swaths of northern and eastern Syria. Both organizations have posted videos on Twitter and YouTube showing visits to Syrian classrooms by armed militants, who hand out Islamic textbooks, as well as food and gifts.
Another self-identified ISIS video, posted in late November, shows a man in conservative Arab dress leading several dozen children in Syria’s Aleppo province in denouncing a list of “infidels,” including Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and President Obama.
“Imagine we had here with us an Alawite, from al-Assad’s family or religion. Would we like him?” asked the leader in Egyptian-accented Arabic.
“No,” the children replied.
“What would we do with him?” the leader asks.
“Slaughter him,” came the answer, in unison.
The speaker congratulates his young listeners. “Slaughter him, right. Because he is an infidel,” he says.
غوطة دمش معسكر اشبال الزرقاوي
Al-Qaeda in Syrian School: Infidels Must Be Slaughtered; Obama, World Leaders Are Infidels
Conclusion en Français:
L’influence d’Al- Qaïda s’est étendue à atteindre les jeunes garçons qui sont en cours de formation et l’entraînement militaire à la » Cubs Camp de Zarqaoui , » un établissement lié au groupe extrémiste appelé l’Etat islamique d’ Irak et la Syrie , le Washington Post a rapporté .
«S’appuyant sur les efforts antérieurs pour élargir leur influence dans les écoles syriennes , les islamistes radicaux semblent être d’intensifier les efforts pour endoctriner et de former les enfants , dont certains n’avaient que 10 , selon les experts indépendants qui ont étudié le phénomène , » dit le rapport .
» La mise en place de Cubs le camp de l’ Zarqawi – révélé dans une vidéo postée le mois dernier par l’Etat islamique d’ Irak et la Syrie , ou ISIS – est considérée comme particulièrement inquiétante en raison des similitudes de l’Irak » Oiseaux du paradis » C’est brigade a été créée une . il ya dix ans par le même groupe terroriste , dans sa version antérieure comme al – Qaïda en Irak , pour former les enfants pour des missions militaires , y compris les attentats-suicides » .
Le groupe de jeunes ISIS a été nommé en l’honneur d’Abou Moussab al -Zarqaoui , le Jordanien qui a fondé Al-Qaïda en Irak .
Le Washington Post a ajouté que les garçons sont montrés être conduit par des instructeurs masqués par des exercices d’armes légères et assis en groupes sous la bannière ISIS , certains d’entre eux accablés par bandoulières de munitions de mitrailleuse . « D’autres images montrent les garçons subissant instruction ou , dans un cas, de parler heureusement au-dessus d’un déjeuner de pain plat . Boissons sont distribués dans des tasses colorées ornées de la bande dessinée » visage heureux » .
Propagande vidéo postée par ابو لقمان المغربي .
غوطة دمش معسكر اشبال الزرقاوي
Groupes islamistes radicaux au sein de l’opposition syrienne redoublent d’efforts pour endoctriner les enfants sur le territoire qu’ils contrôlent . Cette vidéo montre des jeunes garçons subissent instruction et de la formation militaire au » Camp Cubs de Zarqaoui , » un établissement lié au groupe extrémiste appelé l’Etat islamique d’ Irak et la Syrie
Azouzi & M.Sham